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Children learn to -

  • Repeat words or phrases from familiar stories.
  • Fill in the missing word or phrase in a known rhyme, story or game, e.g. ‘Humpty Dumpty sat on a …’.
  •  Enjoy rhyming and rhythmic activities.
  • Listen to and join in with stories and poems, one-to-one and also in small groups.

  • Join in with repeated refrains and anticipate key events and phrases in rhymes and stories.

  • Suggest how the story might end.

  • Listen to stories with increasing attention and recall.

  • Describe main story settings, events and principal characters.

  • Show interest in illustrations and print in books and print in the environment. 

  • Recognise familiar words and signs such as own name and advertising logos.

  • Look at books independently and handle books carefully.

  • Hold books the correct way up and turns pages.

  • Know that print carries meaning and, in English, is read from left to right and top to bottom.

  • Distinguish between the different marks they make.

  • Sometimes give meaning to marks as they draw and paint.

  • Ascribe meanings to marks that they see in different places.