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Physical Development

Physical Development is one of the three Prime Areas for a child's development. We aim to help our children succeed in moving and handling by giving opportunity to:


• Move freely and with pleasure and confidence in a range of ways, such as slithering, shuffling, rolling, crawling, walking, running, jumping, skipping, sliding and hopping.
• Mount stairs, steps or climbing equipment using alternate feet.
• Walk downstairs, two feet to each step while carrying a small object.
• Run skillfully and negotiates space successfully, adjusting speed or direction to
avoid obstacles.
• Stand momentarily on one foot when shown.
• Catch a large ball.
• Draw lines and circles using gross motor movements.
• Use one-handed tools and equipment, e.g. makes snips in paper with child
• Holds pencil near point between first two fingers and thumb and uses it with good
• Begin copying some letters, e.g. letters from their name.

•Experiment with different ways of moving by 

•Jump off an object and lands appropriately.
• Negotiate space successfully when playing racing and chasing games with other
children, adjusting speed or changing direction to avoid obstacles.
• Travel with confidence and skill around, under, over and through balancing and
climbing equipment.
• Show increasing control over an object in pushing, patting, throwing, catching or
kicking it.
• Uses simple tools to effect changes to materials.
• Handle tools, objects, construction and malleable materials safely and with
increasing control.
• Show a preference for a dominant hand.
• Begin to use anticlockwise movement and retrace vertical lines.
• Begin to form recognisable letters.
• Use a pencil and holds it effectively to form recognisable letters, most of which
are correctly formed.

Early Learning Goal:
Children show good control and co-ordination in large and small movements.
They move confidently in a range of ways, safely negotiating space. They
handle equipment and tools effectively, including pencils for writing.