Physical Development is interconnected with emotional, social, cognitive and language development, which underpins all other areas of children’s learning and development. Physical development is the growth and development of both the brain and body. Physical experiences in the early years puts in place the neurological, sensory and motor foundations necessary for feeling good in your body and being comfortable with the world. Young children undergo rapid physical development.
At Pinxton Nursery School, we intend our children to be effective movers, with good spatial awareness and fine and gross motor skills. Health and well-being, self-care and physical development is integral. A collaborative approach supports development of a lifelong positive attitude to self-care and decision-making
Physical Development of a child relies on the whole body experiences. At Pinxton Nursery School, we ensure that children have a movement rich curriculum, indoors and outside from the earliest point they come into the nursery. The adults in nursery provide an enabling environment, which embeds movement and encourages each child to be active and interactive with others. Adults focus on the child’s strengths and identify new steps.
The continuous provision throughout the nursery provides many opportunities for children to learn new skills, reinforce and practise skills and gain knowledge. Dough disco, P.E sessions, Forest Schools and directed teaching allow all children to practise and develop allowing all children to be active explorers.
Birth to 5 Matters splits Physical development into: Moving and Handling and Health and Self-care.
Moving and Handling
This is the development of Gross and fine motor skills. These start with sensory exploration, development of a child’s strength, coordination and positional awareness, which are developed through tummy time, crawling and play movements with both objects and with adults. Through games and play opportunities both inside and outside adults support children to develop their core strength, stability, balance, spatial awareness, coordination and agility. Fine motor control and precision helps with hand eye coordination which later links with early literacy. Children are provided with repeated and varied activities and opportunities to explore and practise through play with small world activities, puzzles and using small tools. Allowing children to develop proficiency, control and confidence.
Health and self-care
This is development of children knowing how to keep themselves safe and healthy. Children learn about hygiene, nutrition and sleep. Understanding the importance of healthy choices. Children develop self-management skills and an understanding and awareness of how to assess and manage the risk in any particular situation, which is an essential life skill. Children are provided with lots of opportunities to practise and use skills through the nursery routine to provide a base in which to explore the world safely. The balanced rhythm of the nursery routine allows children to try new experiences and make choices. Giving them a powerful message, which contributes towards a balanced and healthy lifestyle.
Children leave nursery with the skills needed to be confident movers. They have positive self-image and aware of the world around them. They are have the skills to undertake risks, challenges, and make positive choices. They understand how to keep themselves healthy and safe.
Area of Physical Development
When children enter our Nursery they are able to
When children leave our Nursery they are able to
Moving and Handling
Health and Self-Care
How you can help your child at home
- Encourage children to engage in and talk about the things they enjoy doing such as walking, skipping, climbing, rolling and jumping (gross motor activities).
- Encourage children to engage in and talk about the things they enjoy doing such as threading, cutting, pressing, grasping, pinching (fine motor activities).
- Use words in context which allow children to consider their physical movements – eg: ‘you are lifting one foot and hopping on the other’ or ‘I saw you bending from your waist to lift up the watering can’. Focus on each child’s strengths and identify next steps for their physical development.